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Education and Islamic Radicalization in the Arabian Peninsula

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Author: Walsh, Rachel
Advisor: Smith, Dennis A.
Committee Members: Rafeq, Abdul-Karim; Shushan, Debra
Issued Date: 2009-05-13
Subjects: Arabian Peninsula
Islamic radicalism
Terrorism
Education
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10288/1203
Description: Since the September 11, 2001 attack, scholars have worked vigorously to identify the causes of radical Islamic terrorism. Political repression, economic stagnation, "the clash of civilizations,” and foreign occupation by non-Muslim troops have been their favorite culprits for explaining this brand of terrorism. However, very little attention has been given to the role of states' education systems in religious radicalization. This thesis argues that the nature of a state's education system plays a significant role in the religious radicalization process, as seen in the cases of Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Kuwait. Within-case and cross-case analysis shows that education systems in Saudi Arabia and Yemen have been contributing to religious radicalization, while Kuwait's education system has served as a bulwark against extremism.
Degree: Bachelors of Arts in International Relations


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